infertility male

What Is Male Infertility?

Male infertility is often left out of conversations, but it is an important factor in fertility journeys. There are a variety of reasons for male infertility and factors. Some can be mitigated by lifestyle while others are beyond the man’s control. Let’s take a look at the types of male infertility.

male infertility

Sperm Complications

Sperm may have a variety of complications. It may be too slow, misshapen, absent, low count, or even move incorrectly. Many of these complications are present from birth. Some lifestyle factors can complicate them or even cause problems. Smokers, drinkers, and drug users can have problems with sperm count and motility.


Varicocele is swelling of the veins in the testicle. This can cause the sperm not to be able to move or grow properly. This complication can be from heat in the area, but for some men it is for unspecified reasons. This type of problem can be corrected, but men do not usually know it is a problem until fertility issues occur. There are no symptoms

Retrograde Ejaculation

This type of ejaculation is similar to retrograde bleeding during a woman’s period, which is often a symptom of endometriosis. The sperm is not ejaculated out of the tip, rather it backs up into the bladder.

Lack of Semen

Sperm may be present, but many men who have had injuries do not produce semen for the sperm to swim in. These cases can be solved through ART (assistive reproductive technology) that is designed to retrieve the sperm through the testicle.


STDs and other infections can affect the quality of the sperm. Some diseases can also be passed through the sperm to the fetus. Some STIs can cause damage to the testicle, so regular testing is a good idea.


Cancer, Celiac, and other diseases can impact the efficacy of the sperm. Sometimes patients who have been through radiation are advised not to conceive children. If you have been through chemotherapy or radiation talk to your doctor before trying to conceive.

 Final Thoughts

There may be no discernable reason for male infertility. It is a problem and needs to be addressed and acknowledged. Many times, people assume that if the male is infertile it is because of his previous lifestyle, but this shows that nothing could be further from the truth. There are many reasons for male infertility. Some things are controlled by lifestyle, but far more of them cannot be. Men should talk to their doctors before trying to conceive just as women should.

Also, you shouldn’t forget that when facing infertility issues there are fertility options like surrogacy.